COURSE NAME:Fundamentals of Instrumentation, Process Control, Programmable Logical Controls and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition for Plant Operators


This course can be scheduled at your convenience, to request this course please click here


On completion of the course the trainee/s will be competent in:


  • Operating High Voltage Power Systems (Generation and Transmission) with the aid of Modern SCADA Energy Management Systems (EMS) 
  • SCADA/EMS Hardware and Software Components and their interaction with the Power System


  • Introductions and Brief History of Electricity Supply since Edison.
  • Essential Revision on the Fundamentals of Electricity
  • Ohms Law, Power and Energy
  • AC Voltage Generation
  • AC Power in Resistive Circuits
  • Effects of Inductance and Capacitance
  • Power Factor
  • Introduction to the P.U. system
  • Generation Synchronism and Frequency
  • Three-Phase AC Circuits
  • The Impedance Triangle
  • Voltage Drop Calculations
  • Essential Revision on the Elements of a Power System
  • (A Practical Understanding for the SCADA Operator).
  • Power Generation
  • Transmission Lines and Cables
  • Substations
  • Transformers
  • Other Terminal Equipment (Breakers, Switches, Earthing Devices, Surge   

      Arrestors, VT’s, CT’s, Shunt Reactors, Shunt Capacitors, Series   

     Reactors, Series Capacitors, Protective Relaying

  • Overview of the Components of a SCADA/Energy Management System (EMS)
  • Remote Terminal Units (Network Terminal Units - NTU’s)
  • Communications
  • The Master Station (Control Room) - Hardware and Software - Redundancy Concepts
  • RTU Basic Hardware Structure






  • RTU Software and Firmware Structure

-       Input/ Output Requirements from Power System Elements and how derived.


  1. Status (Switching Device Status and Alarms)
  2. Analog Values, MW, Mvar, KV, KA, Frequency etc
  3. Counters (Accumulators)
  4. Control Outputs (Command to Switching Devices)

An Overview of Communications and the effect on SCADA Operators

      Types of Power System Communications

            Radio and Microwave

            Power-Line Carrier

            Fibre Optics

            Telephone Circuits and pilot cables


Operating Systems, UNIX

Remote Data Acquisition Software (Part 1)

  • Databases
  • Database Editor tools
  • Graphical User Interface
    • Substation Single Line Diagrams
    • Network Overview Diagrams
    • Selection of Pictures for Operations
    • Treatment of Analogue Values
    • Treatment of Status Values
    • Operation of Switching Devices and Transformer Taps
    • Manual Setting of Status and Analogue Values
    • Tagging

Remote Data Acquisition Software (Part 2)

  • Data Trending
  • Report Writing and Generation
  • Historical Data Collection
  • Calculations/ Interpreters
  • Disturbance Data Analysis
  • Load Estimation
  • Expert Alarm Handling

Understanding Power Network Problems for the SCADA Operator

The Power Network Constraints

  • Power Flows
  • Fault-Levels (Switchgear Fault Clearance Capability
  • Voltage Constraints (Reactive Power Control)
  • Network Stability (Transient and Dynamic)
  • System Frequency

The Control of Generation Output                       

  • Plant Limitations and Introduction (1)
  • Merit Orders (The theory of Economic Generation Dispatching)



SCADA/EMS Software for the Control of Generation Output

  • Unit Commitment (UC)
  • Economic Dispatch Calculation (EDC)
  • Automatic Generation Control (AGC)

                        Features e.g. Frequency-biased tie line Control

  • Interchange Transaction Scheduling

Advanced EMS Software Applications for the solution of Network Problems/Constraints  - Introduced in Session 9

  • State Estimation
  • Operator Load Flow
  • Contingency Analysis
  • Short-Circuit Analysis (Fault Levels)
  • Optimal Power Flow (OPF)

How the SCADA/EMS Operator - Interpretation of Results at the MMI (GUI), carries these out

Normal Operating Hazards with Case Studies - A Practical Session

  • Generating Plant Limitations (2)
  • Line Switching
  • Overvoltages and Transformers

Emergency Conditions with Case Studies

A Practical Session  - Recognising an Emergency Condition with SCADA/EMS Tools

  • Frequency Variations and other indications of System abnormality
  • Interchange Variation During Emergencies
  • SCADA Operator actions During Emergencies

Recovery from Major Disasters with SCADA/EMS

A Practical Session with Case Studies

  • Restoration Procedures including Black-Start
  • Cold Load Pick-up
  • Generator Loading and Frequency Control
  • Voltage Control during Restoration


Questions and Answers and Summary


Electrical Engineers and Technicians involved in the Operation and Control of Generation/Transmission Systems  

    • 5 Day(s)

    The presentation is generally appealing to me. The dedication & devotion of the instructor are both laudable & admirable.
    Mohammed F. Alotaibi

    Really this course is important for any inspector, so I will recommended it for our employees. And thanks a lot!
    Ahmed Al-Yami

    You are doing excellent bringing such very talented instructor. Please keep it up.
    Ahmed Afifi
    Al-Zamil CoolCare

    I would like to appreciate you as well as the instructor for a good training due to the fact that the helping to gain new information about the types of valve with advantages and disadvantage as well. Many thinking.
    Zaki Ali Aldawood

    This course was very beneficial and helpful to understand one of the Major NDT method. I encourage ITC to continue with this performance.
    Talal Saad AlHasawi

    ITC service was in overall excellent. Thanks.
    Wael M. Morsy

    This course was good and a nice guide to the PMP exam. Thanks.
    Yazeed Mohamed Mreki
    General Authority of Civil Aviation (GACA)

    It was good course & good preparation with excellent instructor. Thanks a lot.
    Faisal Mahdi Al-Qahtani

    It was a nice course to have. I suggest taking this course with the same instructor to other people. Thanks for the instructor for his kindness & helfull during the course.
    Abdul-Moniem Al-Humoud

    It is very important course, which enable us to improve our knowledge to work approaching our big account and can be recall us the key account. This is will support us to active result for the best of the Co.
    Mohammed Amjad
    Al-Suwadi Services

    The instructor is highly and technical knowledgeable in explaining all the subject in the course taken.
    Noel V. Garan
    Coldstorec Group Of Saudi Arabia

    Instructor was well prepared and knowledgeable I gain lot of useful information.
    Gulam Khan
    Saudi Aramco

    It was a good learning experience. Got to know the concept involved in key account.
    Muthuraman Nachiappan
    Al-Suwadi Services

    The instructor Mr. Ahmed Sabry has a very nice spirit.
    Salam Fakhoury
    Al Khodari Company

    It is very useful to us and increase our knowledge.
    Mohammed Rashed Afifi
    Al Khodari Company

    The course is excellent and helpful. It help me in organizing the work in more safe manner.
    Muzammil Hayat
    Al Khodari Company

    The instructor is very knowledge and hard working, his way of teaching is very good.
    Ibrahim Darwish
    Al Khodari Company